Uill, seo tha sinn, a 'tighinn Seall NAB! Once again, I will be present, representing Broadcast Beat Magazine, Mar a tha mi a 'gluasad gu ciùin tron Seall Floor, a' faicinn dè a chì mi a h-uile bathar as ùra agus ùr-ghnàthach anns an stiùidio (craolaidh agus iar-riochdachaidh) gnìomhachas.
Fiù 's leis a h-uile am brosnachadh a' toirt Seall, a-riamh a 'smaoineachadh air dè "NAB" a tha no a bha na "Comann Nàiseanta na Craoladairean"Tha? A bharrachd a bhith an sluagh na bu mhotha stiùidio gnìomhachas a 'chùmhnant seo Talamh, NAB tha mòr agus toinnte, a' bhuidheann air a dèanamh suas de chraoladh buidhnean, a 'gabhail an dà chuid air telebhisean agus rèidio, agus a-nis eadar-lìon agus a h-uile seòrsa de na meadhanan sgaoilidh, a thuilleadh air a h-uile eile gnìomhachasan a tha a 'toirt taic dhaibh.
NAB tha ioma-thaobhach na làithean seo, le a ghàirdeanan a 'leudachadh bho foghlam, rannsachadh teicneòlasach agus ùr-ghnàthachadh (NAB Labs) gus tagradh (no reachdais is riaghlaidh cùisean an latha), bho Inbhean suidheachadh (agus an Telebhisean Code aka "The Seal of Good Practice") gu èiginn Broadcast System (EBS), bho loidhne thachartasan gus bùithtean-obrach agus co-labhairtean agus a h-uile càil ann an-eadar. Dìreach a-steach aca Bidh overwhelms thu le dìreach cò mheud a tha iad co-cheangailte agus cia mòr a tha iad air dol air adhart.
WOW! I know, right? You are in as much awe as I am, whenever I contemplate the far reach of NAB. But how did it all begin? What are the humble beginnings of NAB and how did they get to where they are today? Read on, and I hope to answer those and other questions you may have about this organization so integral to the broadcast and studio industry.
The National Association of Broadcasters is almost as old as broadcasting, itself. Founded in 1922 by Eugene F. McDonald, A stèidhich a ' àirde Corporation, NAB is a private trade association established for the purpose of serving the common needs of the broadcasting industry. It was organized primarily to establish codes of ethics within the broadcast industry by creating guidelines for self-regulation (originally it was known as the National Association of Radio Broadcasters; it changed its name to the National Association of Radio and Television Broadcasters in 1951, when it absorbed the Television Broadcasters Association; it again changed its name to the National Association of Broadcasters in 1958).
The government was not having any of this “self-regulation” and so it got into the act itself. Tha an Achd Conaltraidh de 1934 became the first comprehensive legislation to regulate communication (both wire and wireless). Broadcasting was considered interstate commerce, for which Congress had the authority to control under the U.S. Constitution (Article I, Section 8), and broadcast messages were granted First Amendment protection. Broadcasting was recognized as a unique form of communication that would require a different regulatory framework than that of common carriers such as telephony and telegraphy. All of this was then packaged with the philosophy that the broadcast media should serve the public interest, convenience, and necessity. The 1934 act created the FCC, A bha an urra ri dèanamh cinnteach gu bheil craoladairean an gnìomh ann an ùidh a 'phobaill, goireasach, agus riatanach.
On Chèitean 1, 1955, NARB ballrachd a ghabhail a-steach 1,234 AM (amplitude atharrachaidh) stèiseanan, 327 FM (tricead atharrachaidh) agus 3 stèiseanan rèidio nàiseanta a lìonraidhean, Columbia Broadcasting System, Mutual Broadcasting System, agus Nàiseanta Broadcasting Co., Inc. air an telebhisean aghaidh , Chomann Nàiseanta nan craoladairean rèidio is telebhisein a bha 267 telebhisean stèiseanan mar bhuill agus a h-uile 4 telebhisean nàiseanta lìonraidhean, American Broadcasting Co., Columbia Broadcasting System, Dumont telebhisean agus an Lìonra Nàiseanta Broadcasting Co., Inc. (Tobar: Comataidh t-Seanaidh air a ' bhritheamhan, fhoth ~ chomataidh gus sgrùdadh a dhèanamh Juvenile Delinquency, Telebhisean agus Juvenile Delinquency, Aithisg eadar-amail, 1955, Comataidh an clò.)
An dèidh a stèidheachadh, a 'Chomann Nàiseanta de chraoladairean a-steach Radio Code ann 1929 agus an dèidh sin, mar teicneòlas iarraidh, telebhisean Code ann 1952 (anns an leabhar aige, Leo Bogart gu bheil Telebhisean craoladh a leasachadh gu luath fo sgèith na prìomh lìonraidhean rèidio a thasgadh milleanan dolar ann an ... [an] iomairt (Bogart, The Age of Telebhisean, P. 9, 1956)).
However, both codes were discontinued in 1982 following an antitrust suit initiated by the Department of Justice that was designed to address advertising rate setting, determining a violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act (15 U.S.C. § 1 (1976)). Broadcasting companies were neither forced to belong to NAB nor follow the codes it established, despite these being recognized as XCHARXstandards of good practiceXCHARX by the FCC, which also did not establish public rules in areas covered by the codes.
NAB "a 'dol gu ialtag" airson a' phobaill, gu litireil a 'feuchainn ri cumail suas ìrean craolaidh agus a' cumail gach nì ann an broadcasting on an even keel. Over the years, NAB has been involved in numerous lawsuits, usually appearing as amicus curiae, or “a friend of the court” as having a strong interest in or views on the subject matter of an action, but not an official party to the action. Their views have helped shape the legal landscape in regards to the entire industry (which encompasses broadcast, post-production ioma-mheadhan tele-chonaltradh agus bathar-cruaidh, bathar bog, agus seirbheisean).
A thuilleadh air a 'coiteachadh is a' toirt laghail gnìomhan, NAB a 'toirt a bhuill le buannachdan eile, nam measg a rannsachadh leabharlainn anns a bheil còrr is deich mìle leabhraichean, a luchd-obrach a tha a' gabhail a-steach eòlaichean ann an saidheans agus teicneolas agus a 'rannsachadh agus a' planadh, agus cuairt-litir mhìosail do na buill aice (NAB Cruinne), A thuilleadh air an t-seachdain foillseachaidhean RadioWeek agus TV An-diugh.
In addition, NAB started NAB Education Foundation, so that it could educate citizens in the United States about the principles of free speech and other topics concerning the industry. The foundation conducts research and education activities on issues such as first amendment rights relating to program content, editorial opinions, and commercial speech. And let us not forget the aforementioned yearly conventions, which draw over 100,000 professionals and are the leading source of information, networking and technological showcases in the United States!
YouXCHARXll find the main headquarters of NAB (where else?) in Washington D.C., where it continues its ever-vigilant watch over the airwaves and leads the march for fairness within the broadcasting industry. As of November 1, 2009, the president and CEO of NAB is H. Gòrdan Mac a 'Ghobhainn, A bha na Stàitean Aonaichte Seanaiche à Oregon.
NAB is the premier advocacy association for America’s broadcasters, and we have a long history of advancing radio and television interests in Washington,” said NAB President and CEO Gordon H. Smith. Our mission has been and remains to support broadcaster’s ability to serve local communities, strengthen their businesses and seize new opportunities. Through Seall NAB agus iomairtean eile, mar NAB Labs, tha sinn a 'brosnachadh ùr-ghnàthachadh, mar sin a bhith a' brosnachadh san àm ri teachd airson a 'ghnìomhachais.
Lorg a-mach tuilleadh mu NAB le bhith a 'tadhal air làrach-lìn aige: www.nab.org.
As dreuchdan le Ryan Salazar (fhaicinn a h-uile)
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